& Islands MSP, Shadow Transport Minister and road safety campaigner,
David Stewart met on Tuesday 8 June 2015 with Dr Neale Kinnear of the
Transport Research Laboratory to discuss further Graduated Driver.
(GDL) and Dr Kinnear’s work in relation to same. Dr Kinnear has worked
with Dr Sarah Jones who has been a mainstay in the campaign to have a
Graduated Licence Scheme introduced and has supported David Stewart’s
efforts to date.
surprisingly it was revealed that research indicates that the two
elements that contribute to road collisions amongst novice drivers are
age and inexperience.
is clearly an important factor, all novice drivers are at greater risk
when first licensed as a result of their inexperience.
findings from the systematic review revealed that Graduated Driver
Licensing (GDL) is effective at reducing collisions and the quality of
the evidence is high.
public health benefits of a GDL system for new drivers are indisputable.
effectiveness is not limited to only young drivers.
required practice and a minimum learner period are common and enhance
GDL effectiveness and night time restrictions and passenger restrictions
areconsidered to be the most effective components.
exposure for new drivers carrying passengers is most effective for new
drivers under 30 years old when carrying passengers under 30 years old,
particularly when the driver and/or the passengers are male.
carrying of passengers over 30 years old reduces collision risk for all
drivers over 30 years old, carrying any passengers reduces crash risk.
drivers over 30 years old should not therefore be restricted from
time restrictions are effective for new drivers of all ages.
additional hour that is restricted, effectiveness is increased.
jurisdictions allow exemptions (e.g. for work or for carrying family
members) although these have been associated with reducing GDL
alcohol limit and a ban on mobile phone use are likely to reduce new
driver collision risk.
components may also aid the development of positive habits.
or training should not be used to reduce the time with which new drivers
are engaged with the GDL system.
and training does however have an important role in supporting driver
development and the components and mechanisms of GDL.
effectiveness of a GDL system is dependent on:
number of components implemented
2. the strength (strictness) of those components
3. the conviction with which the system is implemented.
Stewart said “ In Scotland 12.5% of all road collision involve a driver
aged between 17 and 19 years.
pilot was to be introduced in Scotland alone up to 299 casualties could
be prevented and there would be 45 less killed or seriously injured.
“Financially we could make savings of at least £18.3 million”.
“Alarmingly, in the Highlands and Grampian areas 15.7 % of all
collisions involve a driver aged between 17 and 19 years.
areas alone we could reduce the casualties by 64 and prevent those
killed or seriously injured by 13.
“Financially we could save these areas £4.9 million.
me as I have always said is a ‘no brainer’.
years I have been beating my drum about this issue.
we have an issue with young novice drivers and road collisions and to
date nothing much seems to be having an effect.
have a system which has been evidenced to work and has been successful
in other parts of the world and yet the UK Government will not implement
it, even as a pilot in Scotland”.
Kinnear said, “Our independent review of the scientific evidence
suggests that Graduated Driver Licensing, as implemented across
Australia, New Zealand, the USA and Canada, works.
countries where it has been implemented young and novice driver
accidents and related injuries have reduced. The approach works by
reducing areas of risk known to be key factors in young and novice
there are commonly cited concerns to be considered in the adoption of
such a system, the fact that GDL systems are already in place in other
countries suggests that no barrier is insurmountable.
reducing the number of young and novice crashes and related injuries is
the aim, then GDL has the quality and quantity of evidence to support